The swollen veins in the lower portion of the anus and rectum are haemorrhoids, also known as piles. They get irritated when the walls of these vessels are extended.
Although haemorrhoids can be painful and uncomfortable, they are easily handled and very preventable. As haemorrhoids usually get worse over time , doctors recommend that as soon as they arise, they should be treated.
Fast facts on haemorrhoids
On haemorrhoids, below are several key points. The main article provides more comprehensive and supporting material.
When pregnant, women are more likely to get haemorrhoids.
As a person ages, the risk of developing haemorrhoids increases.
When the veins that cover the anus are engorged or swollen, haemorrhoids occur.
Often, in order to treat haemorrhoids, medication and surgery are required.
Simple interventions can relieve symptoms in the majority of cases, while haemorrhoids get better without treatment. Often, however, medications and even surgery can be required.
Symptoms in the following forms can be relieved. They can not, however, kill the haemorrhoids:
Topical creams and ointments: Creams or suppositories containing hydrocortisone are available over the counter (OTC) for purchase online. Pads containing witch hazel,
or a numbing agent that can be applied to the skin, also exist.
Ice packs and cold compresses: It can help with the swelling to apply these to the affected region.
Using hot water, a sitz bath: A sitz bath is put over the toilet. They are sold by certain pharmacies, and may alleviate the symptoms of burning or itching.
Moist towelettes: The issue can be exacerbated by dry toilet paper.
Analgesics: The pain and discomfort can be alleviated by certain painkillers, such as morphine, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen.
Some drugs for haemorrhoids are OTC. Ointments, sheets, or suppositories contain these.
It is understood that active ingredients, such as hydrocortisone and witch hazel, alleviate itching and discomfort. If these medications do not produce improvement
after a week of therapy, see a doctor.
Options for nonsurgical care
Rubber band ligation is the most common kind of nonsurgical hemorrhoid removal technique.
For internal haemorrhoids, this is an outpatient procedure where an elastic band is put on the base of the hemorrhoid to cut off the flow of blood. The haemorrhoid is
either going to shrink or fall free.
Sclerotherapy, where a solution is inserted into an internal hemorrhoid, is another treatment. This creates a scar that cuts off the hemorrhoid’s blood supply.
Two other choices are infrared photocoagulation and electrocoagulation.
A complete removal of the haemorrhoids, known as a hemorrhoidectomy, can require surgery.
Stapling, where a prolapsed hemorrhoid is tacked back into place, can also be involved. These operations are done under general anaesthesia, and on the same day as the
surgery, most patients will go home.
Enlargement of the veins around the anus causes hemorrhoids.
They can occur for the following reasons:
Pregnancy: It happens more often in pregnant women because it pushes on the vein in the colon when the uterus enlarges, causing it to bulge.
Aging: Among adults aged 45 to 65 years, haemorrhoids are the most common. However, this does not mean that young people and kids do not get them.
Diarrhea: Hemorrhoids can occur after chronic diarrhoea has occurred.
Chronic constipation: extra pressure on the walls of the blood vessels is placed on by straining to move stool.
Sitting for too long: staying for long periods of time in a seated position may cause haemorrhoids, especially on the toilet.
Heavy lifting: Lifting heavy items repeatedly can lead to haemorrhoids.
Anal intercourse: This can cause fresh haemorrhoids or make current ones worse.
Obesity: Obesity associated with diets can cause haemorrhoids.
Genetics: A propensity to develop haemorrhoids is inherited by certain individuals.Symptoms
Symptoms of hemorrhoids often include:
Bleeding without discomfort
Itching in the anal region or discomfort
In the same place, discomfort, pain, or soreness
Lumps in the anal area and swelling
Symptoms may be painful or disturbing, but typically they are not a cause for concern.
Hemorrhoids can be external or internal.
Hemorrhoids from the internal
Within the rectum, internal haemorrhoids are deep and not visible from the outside. Normally, they are painless. Often, rectal bleeding is the first indication that
internal haemorrhoids are present.
Straining will force an inner hemorrhoid often so that it protrudes through the anus. This can be painful and is called a protruding or prolapsed hemorrhoid.
Internal haemorrhoids around the anus are under the skin and are therefore noticeable. Because in this part of the body there are more sensitive nerves, they are
usually more painful. Straining can cause them to bleed when passing a stool.
A doctor should be consulted by someone experiencing the symptoms described above. Bear in mind that rectal bleeding can be caused by other things, including
colorectal and anal cancers.
To determine whether or not haemorrhoids are present, a doctor can perform a physical examination and perform other tests. A digital rectal exam can include these
tests. This is a doctor’s manual examination using a lubricated, gloved finger.
The person should seek emergency treatment immediately if signs include large amounts of bleeding, dizziness, and a fainting feeling.
When stools are kept soft, the risk of developing haemorrhoids is significantly reduced. In the following respects, this can be helped:
Nutrition: Eating plenty of fiber-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables and whole grains ensures that stools are almost always soft. Drinking plenty of fluids,
similarly, helps keep stools soft. Constipation is also relieved by OTC fibre supplements.
Over-straining avoidance: When using the toilet
Hemorrhoids, especially if treatment begins early, are often treated successfully and without complications. The following rare complications may, however, arise:
Strangulated hemorrhoid: It can become strangulated if the blood supply to the hemorrhoid is cut off. This can cause serious pain.
Anemia: Severe, chronic hemorrhoid blood loss can lead to anaemia. This happens when a person’s bloodstream does not have enough red blood cells.
Blood clots: Blood can clot in the anus sometimes, which can be painful. It will swell and become inflamed in the field.