Personal hygiene are the activities people conduct to preserve their health and to maintain safe lives. Hygiene is the habits that must be observed in everyday life from morning to night to preserve our health. To protect safety, daily cleaning of body, hair, mouth and teeth and frequent washing of clothes is required. Personal hygiene is the habits that must be observed in everyday life from morning to night to preserve our health. To protect safety, daily cleaning of body, hair, mouth and teeth and frequent washing of clothes is required.
The food we consume, the way we keep our bodies clean, physical activity and healthy sexual contact all play a larger role in preserving good body health. Owing to lack of cleanliness several diseases grow. A lack of personal hygiene causes bacteria, larvae, scabies, sores, tooth decay, diarrhoea and dysentery. Practicing cleanliness will avoid all these diseases.
Germs are removed from body
Removes bad smell of body
Personal relaxation, decrease in muscular tension
Increases skin health
More self confidence
Issues related to personal hygiene
According to the World Health Organization, about 1.1 billion people worldwide do not have access to improved sources of water supply and 2.4 billion people do not have access to any form of improved sanitation facilities. About 2 million people die each year from diarrhoeal diseases, most of them being children under the age of 5. The most affected are the population in developing countries, living in severe poverty conditions, usually peri-urban residents or rural residents.
Among the key issues responsible for this situation are: lack of sector priority, lack of financial support, lack of sustainability of water supply and sanitation facilities, bad hygiene habits and insufficient sanitation in public places like hospitals, health centers and schools. Providing access to appropriate amounts of clean water, providing facilities for the sanitary disposal of excreta, and implementing sound hygiene practices are critical in reducing the burden of disease caused by these risk factors.
Cleaning the Head
Head bath to take with a shampoo or some other washing product once or twice in a week.
Cleaning of Eyes, Ears and Nose
Wash your eyes with clean water everyday.
Wax get formed in ears and block the airway. This causes pain. Hence, clean the ears with cotton buds once a week.
Secretions in the nose get dried and form a crest that covers the nose. Thus clean the nose whenever possible. Wash the nose with soft fabric, if kids have cold and running nose.
Cleaning the Mouth
Clean twice a day-morning, as soon as you get out of bed and before going to bed at night. Coal powder, salt, rough tooth paste etc., contribute to cracks in the outer layer of the teeth when used for brushing.
Upon eating some food wash your mouth with clean water. It prevents the settling of food particles between the teeth which produces bad odor, spoils the gums and contributes to decay of the tooth.
Take nutritious diet. Eat less cookies, chocolates, ice cream and pastries.
If you see signs of tooth decay immediately meet with a dentist.
Normal and proper methods of brushing help you keep teeth from catching on tartar. Consult a dentist to brush your teeth regularly.
Skin covers the whole body, protects organs and helps maintain the temperature of the body. Skin helps by sweat to carry out the dirt in the body. The sweat glands get blocked in a faulty skin, resulting in the production of sores, boils and acne. To keep your skin clean, take a bath with soap and warm water every day.
Even Neem can be used as a natural substitute for washing the skin. One way of doing this is to brush the body with neem paste, let it dry and then have a bath. Another way is to soak up some neem leaves overnight in water and have a bath with that water. That keeps most dangerous bacteria clean from the skin. It is also possible to apply a pinch of turmeric to the water to give the body vibrancy.
We do all the things with our hands, such as eating food, cleaning after activity, cleaning the nose, removing cow dung etc. Many diseases which cause germs remain under the nails and over the skin during these activities. Washing the hands (above the wrist, between the fingers and the nails) with soap after the operation is over and particularly before cooking and eating food helps to prevent many diseases.
Cut your nails regularly. Avoid biting nails and nose picking.
Children play in the mud. Teach them to practice washing hands before eating.
Prevent contact with treatments for the blood, waste, urine and vomit, and body.
Wash the parts from front to back with clean water after removing the stools and urine, and keep the parts clean. Care to wash your hands with soap. Hold tidy washrooms, toilets and surroundings. Avoid open air defecation
Cleanliness of the reproductive organs
Both males and females should always keep their reproductive organs clean.
Women should use clean, soft cloth or sanitary serving napkins during menstruation. Adjust the serviettes at least twice a day.
Women who have white odorless discharge or experience any reproductive tract infection should see a doctor immediately.
Practice hygiene during cooking
Practice the following sanitation guidelines for preventing food contamination, food poisoning and disease transmission during cooking.
Keep the cooking area and vessels clean.
Avoid eating/cooking rotten or infected food material.
Wash your hands before you prepare, and serve food.
Upon use thoroughly wash the food products such as vegetables.
Store the food items properly.
Check the food products labels when shopping to find out the’ Best before’ date.
Dispose the kitchen waste properly.