There are two main forms of liver fatty disease — alcohol-induced and non-alcoholic liver fatty disease. Fatty liver disease affects about one-third of Indian adults and is one of the leading liver failure contributors. In those who are obese or sedentary, and others who follow a heavily processed diet, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease is most often diagnosed.
One of the most effective ways of treating fatty liver disease, whatever the form, is through diet. As the name suggests, fatty liver disease means you’ve got too much liver fat. The liver helps absorb toxins in a healthy body, and contains bile, the digestive protein. Fatty liver disease affects the liver and prevents it from as well functioning as it should.
Usually, fatty liver disease diet in
• lots of fruits and vegetables
• high-fiber plants like legumes and whole grains
• very little added sugar, salt, trans fat, refined carbohydrates, and saturated fat
• no alcohol
A low-fat , low-calorie diet can help you lose weight and reduce the risk of developing fatty liver disease. Ideally, if you are overweight, you ‘d like to lose your body weight by at least 10 per cent.
12 Foods and drinks to eat with fatty liver
Here are a few items that should be included in your balanced diet:
Coffee to suppress abnormal liver enzymes
Studies have shown that coffee drinkers with fatty liver disease experience less damage to the liver than those who do not consume this caffeinated consume. Caffeine helps to minimize the amount of excess liver enzymes present in people at risk of living
2. Greens to keep fat from building up
Broccoli has been shown to help prevent fat from building up in the liverTrusted Source in mice. Eating more greens, such as spinach, sprouts from Brussels and kale, will also help with a general weight loss. Try the vegetarian chili recipe from the Canadian Liver Foundation which helps you to cut calories without sacrificing flavour.
3. Tofu to reduce fat accumulation
A research by the University of Illinois on rats found that soy protein, contained in foods such as tofu, could minimize fat accumulation in the liver. While tofu has low fat content and high protein content.
4. Noxious fish, and fat levels
Fatty fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon , sardines, tuna and trout. Omega-3 fatty acids can help increase the levels of liver fat Trusted Source and reduce the cause of Trusted Inflammation. Try this Canadian Liver Foundation recommended teriyaki halibut recipe which is particularly low in fat.
5. Oatmeal for energy
Whole-grain carbohydrates such as oatmeal give your body energy. A fibre content always fills you up, which will help you keep your weight down.
6. Walnuts to improve e the liver
These nuts are rich in fatty acids which are omega-3. Research findsTrusted Source that has enhanced liver function monitoring for people with fatty liver disease who eat walnuts.
7. Avocado to help protect the live
Avocados are rich in healthy fats, and research indicates that they contain chemicals which may delay the damage to the liver. They are also rich in fiber which can help to regulate weight. Check out this Fatty Liver Diet Review refreshing avocado and mushroom salad.
8. Milk and other low fat dairy products to guard against damage
According to a 2011 studyTrusted Source in rats, milk is high in whey protein which can protect the liver from further damage.
9. Sunflower seeds for antioxidants
This nutty-tasting seeds are rich in vitamin E, an antioxidant which can prevent further damage to the liver.
10. Olive oil for weight control
The balanced oil is rich in fatty acids which are omega-3. In cooking it is safer than margarine, butter or shortening. ResearchTrusted Source shows that olive oil helps reduce enzyme levels in the liver and regulate weight.
11. Garlic to help reduce body weight
Not only does this herb add spice to the food, but laboratory studies also show that Trusted Source supplements in garlic powder can help reduce body weight and fat in people with fatty liver disease.
12. Green tea for less fat absorption
Data supports that green tea can interfere with the absorption of fat but the results are not yet conclusive. Researchers are looking into whether green tea can reduce liver fat accumulation and boost liver function. Yet green tea also has other benefits, from cholesterol reduction to sleep aid.
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6 Things to stop if you have liver fat
If you have fatty liver disease, there are certainly things you can avoid or restrict. In general, these foods lead to weight gain and to elevated blood sugar.
• Alcohol. Alcohol is a contributing cause of both fatty liver disease and other liver disorders.
• Added sugar. Keep away from sugar foods like chocolate, cookies, soft drinks and fruit juices. High blood sugar causes a accumulation of fat in the liver.
• Fried foods. These are high in fat and calories.
• Salt. Eating too much salt will make the excess water cling onto your body. Limit sodium to under 1,500 milligrams a day.
• White bread, pasta , and rice. White typically means the flour is highly refined and, due to a lack of fiber, will increase your blood sugar more than whole grains.
• Fresh meat … Red meat. Beef and deli meats have a high saturated fat content.
Here’s what your menu might look like during a typical day on a fatty liver diet plan:
|breakfast||• 8 oz. hot oatmeal mixed with 2 tsp. almond butter and 1 sliced banana|
• 1 cup coffee with low-fat or skim milk
|lunch||• spinach salad with balsamic vinegar and olive oil dressing|
• 3 oz. grilled chicken
• 1 small baked potato
• 1 cup cooked broccoli, carrots, or other vegetable
• 1 apple
• 1 glass of milk
|snack||• 1 tbsp. peanut butter on sliced apples or 2 tbsp. hummus with raw veggies|
|dinner||• small mixed-bean salad|
• 3 oz. grilled salmon
• 1 cup cooked broccoli
• 1 whole-grain roll
• 1 cup mixed berries
• 1 glass of milk
Additional ways to treat liver disease
Besides improving your diet, here are a few other lifestyle improvements that you can make to improve your liver health:
1. Get more active. Exercise, combined with diet, will help you lose excess weight and control your hepatitis. Aim to get at least 30 minutes of aerobic exercise on most days of the week.
2. Lower cholesterol. Watch your saturated fat and sugar intake to help keep your cholesterol and triglyceride levels under control. If diet and exercise are not adequate to reduce your cholesterol, ask your doctor to take the drug.
3. Control diabetes. Diabetes and fatty liver disease often occur together. Diet and exercise can help you manage both conditions. If your blood sugar is still elevated, your health care provider can prescribe medication to lower it.